- Ban Ki-moon: "We need to move beyond gross domestic product as
our main measure of progress, and fashion a sustainable development
index that puts people first"
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (Remarks to the High-level Delegation
of Mayors and Regional Authorities, New York, USA, 23 April 2012)
the remarks (html)
- Herman E. Daly und Joshua Farley: "Even
if we can never quantify [satisfaction or happiness]...,as precisely
as we currently quantify GNP,...perhaps it is better to be vaguely
right than precisely wrong."
Herman E. Daly und Joshua Farley, authors of Ecological Economics:
Principles and Applications. (2003), page 234.
- Robert Kennedy: "GDP does not allow for the health of our children,
the quality of their education, or the joy of their play"
Robert Kennedy in a speech at the University of Kansas on 18 March
video (2:12 min.)
- Joseph Stiglitz: "GDP tells you nothing about sustainability"
Nobel Prize-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz proposes alternatives
to Gross Domestic Product as a measurement of national economic success,
2008 (publ. 2010)
video (8:06 min.)
- Amartya Sen: "HDI is people-centered … GDP is commodity-centered"
Nobel-Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen in an interview regarding
the 20th anniversary of the Human Development Index, 2010
interview (pdf, 66 KB)
- David Cameron: "It's time we admitted that there's more to life
than money, and it's time we focused not just on GDP but on GWB -
British Prime Minister David Cameron at the Google Zeitgeist Europe
conference in May 2006
article from BBC (html)
- Angel Gurría: "Improving the quality of our lives should be
the ultimate target of public policies. But public policies can only
deliver best fruit if they are based on reliable tools to measure
the improvement they seek to produce in our lives."
OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría in his introductory remarks at
OECD Forum 2011, first Session on Measuring Progress on 24 May 2011
in Paris, France.
- José Barroso: "The appropriate choice of indicators is key to
boost our understanding of the complexity of our diverse societies
within the European Union, to better communicate on it, and to better
respond to new policy needs as for example with the "GDP and beyond"
initiative to include measurement of well being."
José Barroso, President of the European Commission, in his opening
speech at the Eurostat Conference "Statistics for policy making: Europe
2020" on 10 March 2011 in Brussels.
speech (pdf, 47 KB)
- Pier Carlo Padoan: "Much of the statistics and indicators that
we routinely produce are not looking at what truly matters to people"
Pier Carlo Padoan, Deputy Secretary-General and Chief Economist, OECD
in speech during the Eurostat Conference on "Statistics for policy
making: Europe 2020" on 10 March 2011 in Brussels
speech (pdf, 103 KB)
- Nicolas Sarkozy: "Nothing is more destructive than the gap between
people's perceptions of their own day-to-day economic well-being and
what politicians and statisticians are telling them about the economy"
French president Nicolas Sarkozy at the unveiling of the Stiglitz
Report in Paris on 14 September 2009
article from Newsweek (html)
- Angela Merkel: "We must learn new ways to define the concept
of growth for the 21 century"
German Chancellor Angela Merkel in video podcast issued on 6 February
View video podcast (in German)
article from taz.die tageszeitung (html, in German)
- Olli Rehn: "These initiatives ['GDP and Beyond' and the so-called
"Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Report"], both published in autumn 2009, have
challenged official statisticians to develop new indicators that better
describe our environmental challenges, the quality of life of households
and the distributional aspects of income."
Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs, Olli Rehn summing
up the conclusions of the Eurostat Conference on "Statistics for policy
making: Europe 2020" on 11 March 2011 in Brussels
speech (pdf, 18 KB)
- Janez Potočnik: "We need to better measure our natural capital,
its eco-system services, in physical terms and in monetary terms"
Potočnik, European Commissioner for Environment, in speech during
the Eurostat Conference on "Statistics for policy making: Europe 2020"
on 10 March 2011 in Brussels
speech (pdf, 67 KB)
- Hazel Henderson: "GDP has outlived its usefulness"
Hazel Henderson in the article “What's Wrong with Market Economics
and GDP?”, 2008
- Stavros Dimas: "GDP was not intended to be a measure of wellbeing"
Stavros Dimas, former European Commissioner for Environment. Press
conference in connection with the presentation of the EU Roadmap on
8 September 2009
video (3:03 min.)
- José Manuel Barroso: "It is not enough for us to talk about
freedom, climate change, health, security and the environment. We
need widely accepted communication tools that show progress in these
fields. And that progress can only be measured with suitable indicators.
So it's time to go beyond the tools developed for the very different
world of the 1930s. It's time to go beyond today's confusing surfeit
of unorganised data. It's time to go beyond GDP."
President of the European Commission in connection with the Beyond
GDP Conference on 19-20 November 2007.
- Hans-Gert Pöttering: "Major negative effects of globalisation
such as climate change pose new risks not only to our eco-system but
to our entire economies and eventually our societies as a whole. This
is why new indicators of wealth are needed, and the European Parliament
- the EU's directly-elected body which is answerable to the citizens
- can play a key role in helping to shape the required broad democratic
President of the European Parliament Mr Hans-Gert Pöttering in
connection with the Beyond GDP Conference on 19-20 November 2007.
- Ashok Khosla: "If we are to end gross disparity and poverty,
reduce rampant climate change and species extinction, avoid massive
depletion and destruction of resources and pre-empt the resulting
overshoot and collapse of societies, we must go well beyond simplistic
indicators such as the gross domestic product that have today become
the grossest mismeasures of progress."
Co-President of the Club of Rome Mr Ashok Khosla in connection with
the Beyond GDP Conference on 19-20 November 2007.
- Pier Carlo Padoan: "The OECD believes better statistical information
is an essential support to democratic governance. So yes, the OECD
thinks it is time to move beyond GDP to provide better and more useful
information. We believe that by using GDP and indicators covering
other aspects of our life, it is possible to develop new measures
of progress, and we are ready to support the growing global movement
which shares these views. This is why we have launched a Global Project
on "Measuring the Progress of Societies".
Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD Mr Pier Carlo Padoan in connection
with the Beyond GDP Conference on 19-20 November 2007.
- HE Chief Emeka Anyaoku: "What we currently measure as development
is a long way away from the EU and the world's stated aim of sustainable
development. This is because economic decisions routinely ignore natural
capital expenditure. Economic indicators are essential, but without
natural resource accounting, ecological deficits will go unnoticed
and ignored. It is as if we spent our money without realizing that
we are liquidating the planet's capital."
President of the WWF HE Chief Emeka Anyaoku in connection with
the Beyond GDP Conference on 19-20 November 2007.
- Joseph Stiglitz: "No one would look just at a firm's revenues
to assess how well it was doing. Far more relevant is the balance
sheet, which shows assets and liability. That is alos true for a country."
Nobel Prize-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz on GDP and learning
from business, Foreign Affairs, 2005.
- Paul Samuelson: "Without measures of economic aggregates like
GDP, policymakers would be adrift in a sea of unorganized data. The
GDP and related data are like beacons that help policymakers steer
the economy toward the key economic objectives".
Paul Samuelson in Samuelson and Nordhaus (1995).
- Robert McNamara: Progress measured by a single measuring rod,
the GNP, has contributed significantly to exacerbate the inequalities
of income distribution."
President of the World Bank Mr Robert McNamara on GDP and social equity
- Simon Kuznets: "Distinctions must be kept in mind between quantity
and quality of growth, between its costs and return, and between the
short and the long term. Goals for more growth should specify more
growth of what and for what."
Simon Kuznets, the creator of GDP, in 1962.
- Simon Kuznets: "The welfare of a nation can scarcely be inferred
from a measurement of national income".
Simon Kuznets on GDP and well-being in 1934.
and interesting facts